28 abril, 2021

Phrasal Verbs para B1 Preliminary de Cambridge

Más de 100 phrasal verbs que te ayudarán a prepararte para el B1 Preliminary de Cambridge

Si estás preparando el B1 Preliminary de Cambridge English, habrás tenido algún contacto con los temibles  ‘Phrasal verbs’.  En inglés son un aspecto lingüístico que causa problemas y confusión. Aprendemos los significados de mucho verbos, pero de pronto ¡nos damos cuenta que no siempre significan lo que creíamos!

Son una parte muy cotidiana del idioma, la cual todos los nativos usamos de forma automática sin pensar, y tener un buen conocimiento de estas expresiones  nos será de enorme ayuda a la hora de entender los textos del reading, las grabaciones del listening y como resultado podremos realizar muchos de los ejercicios con más facilidad.

En el examen B1 Preliminary de Cambridge English aparecen con bastante frecuencia en los audios y textos. Obviamente, hay tantos Phrasal verbs que aprendérnoslos todos resultaría imposible así que hemos hecho una lista de unas 100 de estas expresiones que pueden ser de gran ayuda para afrontar tu examen, y mejorar tus resultados en todas las destrezas (Reading, writing, listening y speaking).

La lista incluye una traducción y un ejemplo. Muchos phrasal verbs tienen más de un significado, la traducción que damos es el significado más comúnmente encontrado en el examen y aunque en algunos casos daremos más de una traducción,  es importante recordar que podría existir un significado distinto a las que hemos proporcionado.

La mejor forma de aprenderlos es usarlos: si puedes usarlos en tu trabajo escrito y en el examen oral, no solo te ayudará a memorizarlos, sino que demostrarás tener conocimientos más amplios de vocabulario, lo que ayudará a mejorar tu nota. ¡Mucha suerte con el examen y ojalá esto os sea útil!


B1 Phrasal verbs


1.Ask for: solicitar o pedir My friend asked for directions to the museum

2. Be back: volver I´ll be back before dinner

3. Be into: ser aficionado de / gustarI’m really into adventure sports

4. Be over: terminar The match is over, they have wone the championship!

5. Be off work/studies: estar fuera del trabajo o estudios normalmente debido a enfermedad o vacaciones. Tom’s off work this week. He’s having an operation

6. Break down: averiarse My car broke down while I was driving to work

7. Bring back: devolver Have you brought back the book i lent you last month?

8. Bring up (a child): criar / educar her parents brought her up to be polite

9. Call back: devolvar la llamada He’s not in at the moment. I’ll ask him to call you back later

10. Carry on: continuar/seguir The children carried on talking when the teacher walked into the classroom

11. Check in: facturar o registrarse (aeropuerto/hotel) What time do we need to check in?

12. Cheer up: alegrar / levantar el animoTaking him out for a meal will cheer him up

12 Come along: acompañar / venir con We’re going to the cinema tomorrow, would you like to come along?

14. Come back: volver My parents have gone on holiday, but they are coming back tomorrow

15. Come round/around: pasarse / ir a la casa de alguienWould you like to come round for dinner this weekend?

16. Come off: desprenderse The door handle came off when I opened the door

17. Come out (book/film/etc): salir Her new book is coming out in July

18. Come up (in the future): acercarse The exam period is coming up soon

19. Cut down(on): reducir consumo I must cut down on eating sweets!

20. Deal with: tratar con/lidiar con/resolver (problemas) He has to deal with a lot of difficult people in his job

21. End up: ir a parar/acabar/terminar We ended up sleeping in the car because all the hotels were full

22. Fall out of: caerse de My phone fell out of my pocket

23. Find out: enterarse/descubrirI found out that my neighbour had won the lottery

24. Get around: desplazarse The best way to get around the city is by bus

25. Get back: volver We probably won’t get back until after dinner

26. Get in/into: subirse a coche, taxi o similar He got in his car and drove away

27. Get into a lesson/book/film: engancharse conI’m  finding it difficult to get into this book

28. Get off: bajarse de tren/autobus/avion/moto/etc Please check you have all your luggage before you get off the train

29. Get on: subirse a tren/autobus/avion/moto/etc The robber got on his motorbike and escaped with the money

30. Get on with: llevarse con alguien I get on really well with all my neighbours

31. Get on with something/doing something: ponerte con algo que tienes que hacer I need to get on with my homework, it’s for tomorrow

32. Get out (of): bajarse de coche, taxi o similar She got out of the car and walked to the shop

33. Get to a place: llegar We got to the shop before it closed

34. Get over: recuperarse She’s slowly geeting over her cold but she’s still a bit unwell

35. Get (people) together: reunir(se)/juntar(se) Our whole family gets together every Christmas

36. Give up: dejarde de/rendirse/abandonar I’ve given up eating meat

37. Go about: abordar How do you go about doing this exercise?

38. Go back: volver I’m going back to England at the end of the year

39. Go for: elegir This time I think I’ll go for the fish instead of the steak

40. Go off somewhere: irse a un sitio He’s gone off to the beach with his friends

41. Go on: pasar/ocurrir What was going on at the park last night, it was very noisy?

42. Go on doing: seguir/continuar She went on studying all night because she had an important exam

43. Go on to: pasar a He went on to study medicine after finishing high school

44. Go out: salir We often go out with our friends at weekends

45. Go off: dejar de gustar I went of playing with dolls when I was seven years old

46. Go round/around: pasarse I’m going round to my friend’s house this afternoon to do an assignment for school

47. Grow up: criarse/madurar/hacerse mayor I grew up in Mexico

48. Hand in: entregar Don’t forget you have to hand in your projects next week

49. Heat up: calentar My food’s a bit cold, I’m going to heat it up

50. Hurry up: darse prisa Hurry up! We’re going to miss the train!

51. Join in: unirse a Some boys were playing football in the park so I joined in

52. Keep on: Seguir/continuarKeep on practicing, you’ll soon improve!

53. Keep up with: mantenerse al dia I like to keep up with the latest news

54. Leave behind: dejar/olvidar I couldn’t get on the flight because I’d left my passport behind

55. Leave out: omitir/no incluir/dejar fuera You can leave out exercise three and go on to exercise four

56. Lead to: llevar a algo The restrictions led to more protests

57. Look after: cuidar Can you look after my dog while I’m away?

58. Look for: buscarI’m looking for my keys but I can’t find them

59. Look forward to: estar deseando I’m really looking forward to going on holiday!

60. Look out for: estar pendiente de When you are cycling down the mountain, look out for rabbits that run across the path

62. Look round: visitar While we were there, we looked round a number of museums and historical buildings

63. Make up your mind: decidir Have you made up your mind yet where you want to go?

64. Make up: inventar He made up an escuse for being late

65. Meet up with: juntarse con/quedar con I’m meeting up with my friends later

66. Mix things up: variar las cosas You have to mix things up and do lots of different activities

67. Move away: mudarse a otro sitio Our neighbours are moving away

68. Move in/into: mudarse/instalarse I’m moving into my new flat next week

69. Move out: dejar de vivir en un sitio My brother’s moving out soon. He’s rented a flat in the city centre

70. Pick up: recoger I’ll pick you up outside the station

71. Pull out: sacar He pulled his books out of his bag’

72. Put on (clothes): ponerse He put on his jacket because it was cold

73. Put on (activities): organise They are putting on a lot of different games and activities for children

74. Put on (weight): engordar If you continue toe at so many sweets, you’ll put on weight

75. Put out: sacar I put out the rubbish every evening when I get home

76. Put together: montar I’m going to put together the desk I bought in IKEA

77. Put up (prices): aumentar The have anounced that the are putting up their prices

78. Put your name down (for): apuntarse I’ve put my name down for the skiing trip

79. Result in: resultar en This rain will result in a lot of flooding

80. Run out (of): acabarse I’m going to the shop because we’ve run out of milk

81. Set off: salir/partir We’ll need to set off early if we want to arrive before breakfast

82. Set out: salir/partir We set out as soon as everybody had finished breakfast

83. Set up (a business/group): crear My brother has set up a new business

84. Set up (an activity or a place for an activity): organisar Can you set up the classroom for the game?

85. Shut down: apagar una a máquina I shut down the computer before leaving the office

86. Sign up (for): apuntarse I’ve signed up for Italian classes

87. Sleep in: levantarse tarde I try to sleep in at weekends

88. Sort out: solucionar/organizar/ordenar I need to sort out the problem with our shower

89. Speed up: ir mas rápido/acelerar If you don’t speed up, we’ll be late

90. Stay up: acostarse tarde I’m tired because I stayed up last night watching a series

91. Take off (clothes): quitarse It was so hot that he took off his jacket and sweater

92. Take off (a plane): despegar The plane took off on time

93. Take up: empezar un nuevo hobby o deporte I’ve taken up rock climbing and I love it

94. Take out: sacar I take my dog out before work every morning

95. Take back: devolverThis shirt is too small so I need to take it back

96. Throw away: tirar (a la basura) I’m going to throw away a lot of my old toys

97. Throw out: tirar (a la basura) Why don’t you throw out the old clothes you don’t wear?

98. Try on: probar ropa Can I try on these trousers?

99. Turn off: apagar Don’t forget to turn off all the lights

100. Turn on: encender He turned on the light because it was very dark

101. Turn into: transformarThey are turning the building into a hotel

102. Turn up: llegar/aparecer/presentarse He always turns up late for class

103. Turn out: resultar The exam turned out to be easier thanthey expected

104. Work out (exercise): hacer una sesión de ejercicio I work out in the gym for an hour after work

105. Work out: calcular/averiguar I can’t work out the answer to this question